Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in America and a leading cause of adult disability. A stroke is caused when the blood supply to an area of the brain is cut off. Brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. There are two major categories of stroke:
- The most common type of stroke (an ischemic stroke) occurs when a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for this type of stroke.
- A less common type of stroke (a hemorrhagic stroke) is caused when the walls of a blood vessel burst or leak. Blood spills into or around the brain and creates swelling and pressure which damage brain cells and tissue.
If not immediately treated, stroke can cause permanent damage to the brain causing impaired speech, the inability to bathe and dress oneself, difficulty in eating and swallowing and incontinence.
Our caregivers are trained to assist stroke patients with the Activities of Daily Living such as transfers and ambulation, bathing, dressing, eating and toileting. In addition, our caregivers can assist with range of motion exercises when medically necessary therapy coverage is exhausted.